Along with running the free world, President Barack Obama has spent the past seven years guiding U.S. science and technology policy. The initiatives and goals he puts in place—in clean energy, space, medicine, education, nanotechnology, and more—help direct research, which in turn directs the future. With one year left in the Oval Office, the president talks about what he’s achieved, what’s left to do (a lot), and why being a nerd is one of the best ways to serve your country.By Cliff Ransom Photography by F. Scott Schafer
Popular Science: You have been a very pro-science president. Why do you see science and technology as being so important?
bleu clair lanière en T Escarpin bout pointu avec talon moyen,J. Crew Savannah Women's Blue Denim Slingback Espadrille Wedge Pumps US Size 8,Gentlemen/Ladies Navy peep toe shoes 4 flagship store Cheaper than the price Different styles and styles,DONNA STRASS TACCO ALTO SCARPE DA BALLO SPOSA MATRIMONIO SANDALI DA SERA MISURA,Carvela Kurt Geiger Patent Black Court Shoes with tie up front Size 7 (41),Women's Calvin Klein Sz 6 1/2 Bronze Peep Toe Heel. WS168,NAOT Patent Animal Print Slip On Mules Heels Shoes Women's US Size 8,Size 6 Cream Low Block Heel Shoes From Berketex Worn Once,Lifestride Soft System Size 10 Floral Wedges,Basic Editions Women's Renee Wide Width Taupe Dress Shoes Pick your Size,Man/Woman Karen Scott Clancy Black Womens Shoes Size 5.5 M Heels MSRP $54.99 use new Amoy GH76,Shi by Journeys Kraft Rust Heel ShoesCrown Vintage Black Delight Cork Wedge Sandal.,Ann Taylor Black Woven Leather Mary Jane Ankle Platform Heels Shoes Women's 8,Escarpins femme " 3 SUISSES " Pointure 38Man/Woman Jumex Diamante Strappy Sandals JS35 35 Cheap The latest technology Sales online store,Dorothy perkins size 5 widefit black suede heelsGirls Silver Sling Back Shoes Size 3,Boxing Now Women shining diamante Evening Wedding Ball PARTY SHOES Off-White,Debenhams Wedge Sandals Size 3 Very Good Cond,New Women Breckelles Grace-31 Leatherette Round Toe Cross Strap Platform Pump,PINK FLORAL CORK LOOK WEDGES SIZE 5,Men's/Women's Via Spiga Wedge Sandal Size 11M flagship store High quality and economy Pick up at the boutiquePeep Toe Chunky Platform Heels Faux Leather #Richael-s,CALL IT SPRING Women's Woawia Black boots Sandals Size 7.5 M,Womens Brick Red Leather Chunky Heels Sandals size 6 - made in Brazil,Womens Party Prom Bridal Metallic Patent Stiletto High Heel Court Shoes -6689Nine&Co. 7M pointed toe brown 2.5" heelsLadies Prom Ballroom Latin Salsa Dance Shoes Tango Samba Jazz Heel Sandals US5-9,STUART WEITZMAN- Women's SZ 7M- Brown Suede Slip On Studded Mules Heels Shoes,
PS: Among your White House initiatives, you’ve focused heavily on improving STEM education in America. What’s your proudest achievement on that front?
BO: There’s a lot to be proud of. We now graduate 25,000 more engineers per year from our colleges and universities than we did when I took office. We’re more than halfway toward our goal of preparing 100,000 new math and science teachers by 2021. We’ve secured more than $1 billion of private investment for improving STEM education, and commitments from college and university leadership to help underrepresented students earn STEM degrees. There’s also something that’s harder to measure, but every bit as important: all the young people, including minorities and young women, who are more excited than ever about pursuing their passions for STEM.
One of the new traditions I’ve started as president is the White House Science Fair. We ought to celebrate science fair winners at least as much as Super Bowl winners. And when young people are excited about science, technology, engineering, and math, that’s not just good for them. That’s good for America. We want the next game-changing industry or life-saving breakthrough to happen right here in the United States.
PS: Do you consider yourself a nerd and, if so, what’s your nerdiest pastime?
New with box: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
|Shoe Size:||Various||Fastening:||Slip On|
PS: You also put heavy emphasis on developing innovation and entrepreneurship. How do you make Silicon Valley happen all over the country?
Womens Ladies Block High Heels Strappy Sandals Open Toe Party Shoes Barely ThereLONDON REBEL Chain Barely There Heeled Black Sandals Size UK6/EU39 BNIB,Man/Woman Ladies suedette High heel sandals with gold metal heel Selling Strong value value BB253,Mr/Ms womens high heels size 4 Complete specification Let our products go to the world Lightweight shoes,LISCI color carne effetto serpente TACCO ALTO,Madden Girl 7.5 Black Wedge Platform Cork Heels Open Toe SlingbackClarks Artisian Womens 8M Black Shoes Suede Patent Leather Pumps HeelsFestif Escarpins haut talon argent / noir satin / dentelle taille 36 - NEUF -,Aerosoles Monday Square Toe Loafer Pumps 267, Black, 10 US,Dollhouse Brooke Women's Sneaker Booties Black Leather US size 8 EUC,Ladies Red Herring Black Court Heels Size 6,VENEZIA SHINY GOLD HEELS SHOES SIZE 11 WW FANCY HEEL,Vintage Ann Taylor Hype Park Red Leather Shoes Size 61/2M,Man/Woman DAMEN-ANNE MICHELLE SILBERNE SCHNALLE Quality products high quality Different goods,Jessica Simpson Sz 8.5 M Black Green Gray Blend Patent Leather Heels Pumps,pour femme métallique CUIR SIMILI VERNI Crocodile talon bas SEMELLE matelassée,Versani Gold Metallic Reptil Zehenfrei Aufdruck Leder Hoch Ferse - Größe 8 B,Mr/Ms Next Shoes Size 6 Packaging diversity the most economical Direct businessGentlemen/Ladies comfort plus shoes size 5 Outstanding features Known for its good quality comfortable,*NORDSTROM LADIES CREAM LEATHER HEELS SIZE 8.5 AAA,Ladies Pewter Glitter 4" Stiletto Heel Party Sandals. Anne Michelle F10476,New Look Sandals High Heels Platform Faux Suede Black Wide Fit,TOPSHOP Navy Blue Suede Stiletto Shoe Boots - Size 7 6,Size 7 D Brown Clraks Mary Jane Style Heels Shoe Clock Watch Leather,Gentleman/Lady WOMENS LADIES LOW KITTEN HEELS COURT SHOES OPEN TOE WEDDING DIAMANTE PARTY SIZE Durable service special function Direct business HW561Ladies Black Patent Dorndorf Shoes Size 5.5S Oliver White Heels Cracked Leather Navy & Red Straps Chic Shoes,Enrico Gori Brown Leather Loafers Women 7M Made In Italy,Ladies Patent Low Kitten Heel Evening Party Bridal Court Shoes Pumps Size 77-3,Bandolino Womens 25025105 White Ankle Strap Heels Size 7 (396567),
BO: When it comes to precision medicine, advances in technology, data science, and clinical research are already curing diseases that were once thought to be incurable. It’s entirely possible that a decade or two from now, treatments would be tailored not just to the disease, but also to the individual patient. We’re being careful to protect patient data and to make participants partners in this work. Because if we embrace precision medicine in the right way, the possibilities for better treatments are practically endless.
The BRAIN Initiative is another project whose time has come. Right now, we can identify galaxies billions of light-years away. We can study particles smaller than an atom. But we still haven’t unlocked the mystery of the 3 pounds of matter that sits between our ears. I believe that with America leading the way, we can change that. Hundreds of scientists and dozens of universities, companies, foundations, and other organizations have stepped up to help us tackle this challenge.
PS: You’ve also advocated the development of a private space industry to work alongside and complement government efforts. What is your vision for space exploration and commercialization? Who does what?
BO: I’ve laid out a vision for space exploration where our astronauts travel out into the solar system not just to visit, but to stay. To build a sustainable human presence in space, we’ll need a thriving private-sector space economy. I see the expanding space industry as an addition to, not a replacement for, the extraordinary work of NASA. With industry taking over tasks like ferrying cargo and crew to the International Space Station, NASA can focus even more intensely on the most challenging exploration missions, like landing astronauts on Mars or learning more about Earth and the rest of our solar system.
As we set our sights toward other planets, we can also create good jobs here on this one. American companies have begun to reclaim the lucrative market for launching commercial satellites. That’s just one example of the way that a growing space economy can help American workers succeed.
PS: If you were to end up on Mars, who would you want as your companion: Mark Watney from The Martian, or Ellen Ripley from Alien?
BO: As long as it’s a hypothetical question, can’t I pick both? If I’ve got Matt Damon growing potatoes and Sigourney Weaver taking care of any unwelcome intruders, I like my chances.
PS: It’s been barely two months since a climate agreement was struck in Paris. How do you think the agreement will be remembered 20 years from now?
BO: I believe the Paris agreement can be a turning point for our planet. It’s the biggest single step the world has ever taken toward combating global climate change. When I traveled to Paris at the beginning of the climate conference, I said we needed an enduring agreement that reduces global carbon emissions and commits the world to a low-carbon future. That’s exactly what we achieved.
The American people should be proud because this historic agreement is a tribute to American leadership. The skeptics said that taking action to transition to a clean-energy economy would kill jobs. Instead, we’ve seen the longest streak of private-sector job creation in history. We’ve driven our economic output to all-time highs, while driving our carbon pollution to its lowest level in nearly two decades.
These kinds of concrete steps helped bring more countries to the table. With our historic joint announcement with China last year, we showed it was possible to bridge the old divides between developed and developing nations that had stymied global progress for too long. And that accomplishment inspired dozens and dozens of other nations to follow our lead and set ambitious climate targets of their own.
BO: Before you can solve a problem, you have to understand it. That’s why we’ve fought hard to protect the funding for the U.S. Global Change Research Program, a government-wide effort to help us see what’s happening in the present so we can better predict the future. Thanks to their efforts, our satellites, aircraft, ships, buoys, and terrestrial-monitoring systems are providing indispensable insights and strengthening the models that tell us what to expect going forward.
My administration hasn’t just helped to advance climate science—we’ve also made good use of the results. We used the most up-to-date insights from climate science as the basis of our national Climate Action Plan. And we’ve begun to develop accessible climate databases and tools that help governments, businesses, and citizens protect themselves from the effects of climate change that we can’t avoid.
President Obama, photographed on January 4 at the White House
BO: Fifteen of the planet’s 16 warmest years have come in the first 16 years of the 21st century. The warmest year yet was 2015. The Pentagon is warning us that climate change will threaten our national security by fostering instability overseas. Here at home, we’re seeing longer and more dangerous wildfire seasons, coupled with devastating droughts. Last year I visited Alaska, where towns are literally being swallowed up by rising sea levels. Miami now routinely floods at high tide. So this debate is over. The question now is what we do about climate change because there is such a thing as being too late. And I think that regardless of their party, if candidates for elected office want to resign your children and grandchildren to a world that’s broken beyond repair, then there’s simply no way they deserve your vote.
BO: Well, here’s what we’ve done. Over the past seven years, we have transformed America into the global leader in fighting climate change. We’ve set new fuel standards for cars and trucks, invested more than any administration in history in growing industries like wind and solar, taken unprecedented steps to protect our natural resources, and set limits on the amount of carbon pollution that power plants can dump into the air. Most important, we’ve proved that we don’t have to choose between a growing economy and a safer planet for future generations. We can have both.
But in the end, when I think about our efforts to combat climate change, I don’t just think about CO2 emissions levels or degrees of global temperature rise. I think about my two girls, and the grandchildren I’d hope to have one day. I imagine myself pushing a little boy or girl on a swing set, out in the open air, looking up at the sun. In that moment, I want to know that the planet’s going to be in pretty good shape. And I want to have contributed to that.
Because that’s our goal: to leave behind a better, safer, more prosperous world for our kids and grandkids. That’s our most important mission in the time we have on Earth. And after seven years as president, I’ve never been more confident that together, we’ll succeed.