Along with running the free world, President Barack Obama has spent the past seven years guiding U.S. science and technology policy. The initiatives and goals he puts in place—in clean energy, space, medicine, education, nanotechnology, and more—help direct research, which in turn directs the future. With one year left in the Oval Office, the president talks about what he’s achieved, what’s left to do (a lot), and why being a nerd is one of the best ways to serve your country.By Cliff Ransom Photography by F. Scott Schafer
Popular Science: You have been a very pro-science president. Why do you see science and technology as being so important?
Women's Cato Leopard print patent leather 3 1/2" heal pump Size 7.5 EUC!!,LK BENNETT, Brown Suede Espadrille Wedges, Size 36, EXCELLENT CONDITION,Via Spiga 8M Black Patent Leather Strappy Sandal Low heel Italy,Boutique Suede Cut Out High Block Heel Ankle Boots / Sandles / Shoes BE57R,Mr/Ms Steve Madden Silver Peep Toe Pump Packaging diversity International choice Very practicalELEMENTS "NINA" Women's Size 8 M Brown Satin Classic Slingback Pumps W/Bow,Carvela blue patent heels. Size 6 (39). Work Occasional Shoes, ImmaculateMossimo Faux Snakeskin Print Heels size 10,Giani Bernini Black Leather Patent OpenToe Slingback Heels Size 9M PreOwned,Size 6.5M Antonio Melani mohogany brown leather kitten 2.5" heels,Man/Woman Ladies Spot On High Heel Contrast Panel Platform Court The color is very eye-catching The highest quality material Breathable shoes HH1602,Womens Principles Shoes size 5 black sequin high heel ankle straps vgc pointed,Florida State FSU Seminole Herstar High Heel Pump NCAA College Logo Branded Sz 6,CLARKS BENDABLES BLACK SUEDE MARY JANES 3 INCH HEELS VERY GOOD,Ladies Womens Shoes Wonderful Worthwhile Court Block Heel Pumps Flower Pattern,Calvin Klein Women's Black Suede Platform Pumps Size 8 M,Gentlemen/Ladies Ladies Shoes Size 6 elegant Good market Selling new products,CHIARA-24 New Fashion 6 inch High Heel 2" Platform Women Party Shoes Brown 7,SWSW Spain Women's 6.5M Heels Slip On Gator Print Loafer Moc Toe Boat Ribbon,Donald J Pliner Brown Fabric Patent Leather Croc Print Wedge Shoes Womens 7.5 M,Alfani Frauen Chorde Peep Toe leger Sandalen mit Keilabsatz,Men's/Women's Nine West Women's Hyda Pump excellent quality Quality First Modern modeVintage NIB Black Womens Foot-so-Port Stepettes Size 12 3A T Strap BucklesGordon Scott London brown leather mid heel shoes aa narrow,FLORSHEIM WOMENS PATENT LEATHER PUMPS, Mushroom / Beige, New, Sz 41,Clarks 9.5 Womens Brown Suede Leather Slip-on Clog HeelsA35 Step N Flex Daleah Block-Heel Pumps 902, Khaki, 6.5 US,Boutique Barely There Platform Block High Heel Sandals / Shoes - Brand New RK11,Kenneth Cole Wedge Leather Mules Size 37.5 (7 US) Red Slip On Square ToeMen's/Women's ALDO Multi-Color Floral Satin Pointy Toe Slip On High Heels Women’s Size 8.5 superior Known for its good quality Human border RR990,
PS: Among your White House initiatives, you’ve focused heavily on improving STEM education in America. What’s your proudest achievement on that front?
BO: There’s a lot to be proud of. We now graduate 25,000 more engineers per year from our colleges and universities than we did when I took office. We’re more than halfway toward our goal of preparing 100,000 new math and science teachers by 2021. We’ve secured more than $1 billion of private investment for improving STEM education, and commitments from college and university leadership to help underrepresented students earn STEM degrees. There’s also something that’s harder to measure, but every bit as important: all the young people, including minorities and young women, who are more excited than ever about pursuing their passions for STEM.
One of the new traditions I’ve started as president is the White House Science Fair. We ought to celebrate science fair winners at least as much as Super Bowl winners. And when young people are excited about science, technology, engineering, and math, that’s not just good for them. That’s good for America. We want the next game-changing industry or life-saving breakthrough to happen right here in the United States.
PS: Do you consider yourself a nerd and, if so, what’s your nerdiest pastime?
New with box: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
|absatz wert:||IN||Verschluss:||Ohne Bügel|
PS: You also put heavy emphasis on developing innovation and entrepreneurship. How do you make Silicon Valley happen all over the country?
Womens ladies black faux suede high heeled studded peeptoe shoes 7,Enzo Angiolini 8 black patent open toe heels ruffle detail,Women's Body Central Wooden Heels Shoes Beautiful Color Size 7,Anne Michelle F9913 Ladies Coral Die Cut Detail Court Shoes UK3 to 8 (29A)DY-YG-08 Fashion Stilettos Party Prom Stylish 5" High Heel Women Shoes Beige 7,Nine West Womens Heels Shoes Tan Side Strap Career Business High Pumps Size 6.5MWomens Ladies Tie Up Ankle Wrap Around Strappy Stiletto Heel Party Sandals ShoesMen/Women tamaris 38 pumps Exquisite (middle) workmanship modern International big name,Men's/Women's Top shop Black Stiletto Long-term reputation Bright colors Contrary to the same paragraph,Gentleman/Lady Sam Edelman Black Pump Size 7 Elegant and sturdy set meal Selected materials Non-slip9M Unlisted by Kenneth Cole Samantha Pink Satin Strappy SandalsSTEVE MADDEN Womens Shoes Pumps Pony Hair ZEBRA Stack High Heels Brown 5.5M EUC,Colin Stuart Platform Pumps High Heels Shoes Women's Sz 7B Silver Hot Pink,I.Miller Beautiful Shoes Silver wedge Size 7M 19963-8 f20939,Mr/Ms Mujer Anne Michelle Boda Zapatos de salón - l2995 Easy to clean surface Clearance Outstanding style VR1674,Atmosphere Black White Dogtooth High Heels Size 4 / 37,Women's sz 8 M Bandolino Espadrilles Fabric Sandals Heels Shoes Tan Gold,ELLE TAN PERRY PLATFORM HIGH HEELS PUMPS SIZE 6,Zara Womens Gold Loafers/ Pump Heels Size 38/7.5 M,Trotters Womens Gray Satin Heels 9 WSoft Style By Hush Puppies Christina Leopard fabric pat .sz9.5Man/Woman Karen Scott Womens Clancy Closed Toe Classic Pumps Practical and economical Trendy German Outlets WH452,Gentlemen/Ladies LADIES VAN DAL IN BRONZE High security Trendy Cost-effective,Vintage TALBOTS Cream Silk Fabric Dyeable Wedding Formal Mules Pumps 5.5M 35.5,Black Sequin Embellished Heels - Brand New in BoxCarvela Size 8 Black High Heeled Shoes,KURT GEIGER Ladies Navy Blue Textile Round Toe Slip On Court Shoes UK5 EU38,Hotter Broadway Size 5 Ladies Bronze Leather Slip On Trouser Shoes Slim Heels,Gentlemen/Ladies Black stiletto heels Consumer first Impeccable Breathable shoes,Footglove Wider Fit Ladies Black Court Shoes 5.5,
BO: When it comes to precision medicine, advances in technology, data science, and clinical research are already curing diseases that were once thought to be incurable. It’s entirely possible that a decade or two from now, treatments would be tailored not just to the disease, but also to the individual patient. We’re being careful to protect patient data and to make participants partners in this work. Because if we embrace precision medicine in the right way, the possibilities for better treatments are practically endless.
The BRAIN Initiative is another project whose time has come. Right now, we can identify galaxies billions of light-years away. We can study particles smaller than an atom. But we still haven’t unlocked the mystery of the 3 pounds of matter that sits between our ears. I believe that with America leading the way, we can change that. Hundreds of scientists and dozens of universities, companies, foundations, and other organizations have stepped up to help us tackle this challenge.
PS: You’ve also advocated the development of a private space industry to work alongside and complement government efforts. What is your vision for space exploration and commercialization? Who does what?
BO: I’ve laid out a vision for space exploration where our astronauts travel out into the solar system not just to visit, but to stay. To build a sustainable human presence in space, we’ll need a thriving private-sector space economy. I see the expanding space industry as an addition to, not a replacement for, the extraordinary work of NASA. With industry taking over tasks like ferrying cargo and crew to the International Space Station, NASA can focus even more intensely on the most challenging exploration missions, like landing astronauts on Mars or learning more about Earth and the rest of our solar system.
As we set our sights toward other planets, we can also create good jobs here on this one. American companies have begun to reclaim the lucrative market for launching commercial satellites. That’s just one example of the way that a growing space economy can help American workers succeed.
PS: If you were to end up on Mars, who would you want as your companion: Mark Watney from The Martian, or Ellen Ripley from Alien?
BO: As long as it’s a hypothetical question, can’t I pick both? If I’ve got Matt Damon growing potatoes and Sigourney Weaver taking care of any unwelcome intruders, I like my chances.
PS: It’s been barely two months since a climate agreement was struck in Paris. How do you think the agreement will be remembered 20 years from now?
BO: I believe the Paris agreement can be a turning point for our planet. It’s the biggest single step the world has ever taken toward combating global climate change. When I traveled to Paris at the beginning of the climate conference, I said we needed an enduring agreement that reduces global carbon emissions and commits the world to a low-carbon future. That’s exactly what we achieved.
The American people should be proud because this historic agreement is a tribute to American leadership. The skeptics said that taking action to transition to a clean-energy economy would kill jobs. Instead, we’ve seen the longest streak of private-sector job creation in history. We’ve driven our economic output to all-time highs, while driving our carbon pollution to its lowest level in nearly two decades.
These kinds of concrete steps helped bring more countries to the table. With our historic joint announcement with China last year, we showed it was possible to bridge the old divides between developed and developing nations that had stymied global progress for too long. And that accomplishment inspired dozens and dozens of other nations to follow our lead and set ambitious climate targets of their own.
BO: Before you can solve a problem, you have to understand it. That’s why we’ve fought hard to protect the funding for the U.S. Global Change Research Program, a government-wide effort to help us see what’s happening in the present so we can better predict the future. Thanks to their efforts, our satellites, aircraft, ships, buoys, and terrestrial-monitoring systems are providing indispensable insights and strengthening the models that tell us what to expect going forward.
My administration hasn’t just helped to advance climate science—we’ve also made good use of the results. We used the most up-to-date insights from climate science as the basis of our national Climate Action Plan. And we’ve begun to develop accessible climate databases and tools that help governments, businesses, and citizens protect themselves from the effects of climate change that we can’t avoid.
President Obama, photographed on January 4 at the White House
BO: Fifteen of the planet’s 16 warmest years have come in the first 16 years of the 21st century. The warmest year yet was 2015. The Pentagon is warning us that climate change will threaten our national security by fostering instability overseas. Here at home, we’re seeing longer and more dangerous wildfire seasons, coupled with devastating droughts. Last year I visited Alaska, where towns are literally being swallowed up by rising sea levels. Miami now routinely floods at high tide. So this debate is over. The question now is what we do about climate change because there is such a thing as being too late. And I think that regardless of their party, if candidates for elected office want to resign your children and grandchildren to a world that’s broken beyond repair, then there’s simply no way they deserve your vote.
BO: Well, here’s what we’ve done. Over the past seven years, we have transformed America into the global leader in fighting climate change. We’ve set new fuel standards for cars and trucks, invested more than any administration in history in growing industries like wind and solar, taken unprecedented steps to protect our natural resources, and set limits on the amount of carbon pollution that power plants can dump into the air. Most important, we’ve proved that we don’t have to choose between a growing economy and a safer planet for future generations. We can have both.
But in the end, when I think about our efforts to combat climate change, I don’t just think about CO2 emissions levels or degrees of global temperature rise. I think about my two girls, and the grandchildren I’d hope to have one day. I imagine myself pushing a little boy or girl on a swing set, out in the open air, looking up at the sun. In that moment, I want to know that the planet’s going to be in pretty good shape. And I want to have contributed to that.
Because that’s our goal: to leave behind a better, safer, more prosperous world for our kids and grandkids. That’s our most important mission in the time we have on Earth. And after seven years as president, I’ve never been more confident that together, we’ll succeed.