Along with running the free world, President Barack Obama has spent the past seven years guiding U.S. science and technology policy. The initiatives and goals he puts in place—in clean energy, space, medicine, education, nanotechnology, and more—help direct research, which in turn directs the future. With one year left in the Oval Office, the president talks about what he’s achieved, what’s left to do (a lot), and why being a nerd is one of the best ways to serve your country.By Cliff Ransom Photography by F. Scott Schafer
Popular Science: You have been a very pro-science president. Why do you see science and technology as being so important?
Mr/Ms Tan Ankle Wedge Shoes Size 6 Quality queen Good market leading the fashion,Madden Girl Womens Halliee Classic Kitten Heel Pumps, Blush, US 5.5,DANIEL GREEN WOMENS SHOES KHAKI SUEDE SIZE 9.5 NARROW NEW,Zapatos UGO BACCI De lona Sintético y Cuero Negro T 38 BE,Decolletè di pelle bianca, tacco alto a spillo - High Heels used shoesNEW WOMENS LADIES ANKLE STRAP PLATFORM HIGH HEEL PEEP-TOE SHOES SIZE 3-8,shaky-s slingback high heel BLACK 7 (size 7.5 8 8.5 9 10 upon request)Bnib Ladies Mermaid Sexy Stiletto Platform High Heels With Swarovski Crystals,Men's/Women's River Island open toe womens shoes Outstanding features Preferred material Official website,7.5M Liz Claiborne "Mary Kate" Wedge Espadrilles Tan and White Stripe,Ladies Floral Diamond Low Wedges Open Toe Buckle Roman Strappy Sandals All SizesSALE Genuine Liz Lisa Fringe Platform shoes Brand New With Tag Size S,Jessica Simpson Cognac Brown Dress Pumps, Size 7.5 M Classic Heels,Ladies Anne Michelle Mid Heel Court Shoes,Eric Michael Womens Black Open Toe Leather Sling Back Wedges Size 5.5. 2.5",Ladies Light Beige Heeled Shoes from Dorothy Perkins Size 8TOPSHOP Navy Blue Suede Stiletto Shoe Boots - Size 7 6,Gentlemen/Ladies Wittner White Heels 35 Quality queen Optimal price Outstanding function,ROCKET DOG MULTICOLOR PUMP PLATFORM HEELS OPEN TOE SLINGBACK SIZE 7 SHOES,NEXT BLACK SNAKE SKIN EFFECT LEATHER COURT / HEELS - SIZE 4.5Sexy Pin Up Polka Dot Heels Stilettos Pumps Sz 9.5~Fast Shipping!LifeStride Jacqui Silver Deluxe Sandals Size 7.5 Heels Womens Slip On ComfortWomen's Next Nude Gold Black Bow Zip Heels, Size 6, BNWTladies soft leather shoes size 5 used,Mr/Ms New look suede shoes brown 6 elegant Impeccable Very good color,GUESS by MARCIANO Pinpoint Red Leather Embelleshed Slides ~ Size 8 MMan/Woman Womens Ladies Ankle Strap Espadrilles Platform Shoes Mid Heel Wedge Sandals Size sell new Tide shoes list BG850Gentleman/Lady Asos Ladies Heel Size 6 Easy to use new Simple,Men's/Women's Forever Champagne Wedges Sz 9 Consumer first a good reputation in the world renewed on timeBella Vita Women's Black Round toe Pumps Shoes 7N (A29P)
PS: Among your White House initiatives, you’ve focused heavily on improving STEM education in America. What’s your proudest achievement on that front?
BO: There’s a lot to be proud of. We now graduate 25,000 more engineers per year from our colleges and universities than we did when I took office. We’re more than halfway toward our goal of preparing 100,000 new math and science teachers by 2021. We’ve secured more than $1 billion of private investment for improving STEM education, and commitments from college and university leadership to help underrepresented students earn STEM degrees. There’s also something that’s harder to measure, but every bit as important: all the young people, including minorities and young women, who are more excited than ever about pursuing their passions for STEM.
One of the new traditions I’ve started as president is the White House Science Fair. We ought to celebrate science fair winners at least as much as Super Bowl winners. And when young people are excited about science, technology, engineering, and math, that’s not just good for them. That’s good for America. We want the next game-changing industry or life-saving breakthrough to happen right here in the United States.
PS: Do you consider yourself a nerd and, if so, what’s your nerdiest pastime?
Pre-owned: An item that has been used or worn previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and ... Read moreabout the condition
|Heel Type:||Block||Upper Material:||Suede|
|Shoe Size:||UK 3||Heel Height:||Very High Heel (greater than 4.5")|
|Main Colour:||Beige||UK Shoe Size (Women's):||UK 3|
PS: You also put heavy emphasis on developing innovation and entrepreneurship. How do you make Silicon Valley happen all over the country?
Man/Woman Tony Bianco Size 8.5 Stiletto Heel service luxurious buy onlineWomen's heels, Michelle D, sz 9, ivory, EUC, church, dressy, short block heel,Tahari Misha Beige Canvas Peep Toe Cork Heels 5" Heel Platform Shoe Size 7 #tp,Sz 10 Stuart Weitzman Camel Caramel Brown Tan Leather Peep Toe Pumps 3.25" Heels,Men/Women coast stilettos ladies. size 4 (uk) Fine workmanship Various types and styles Personalization trendSteven Women's Brown/Tan Leather Espadrille Wedge Sandals Size / US 6LADIES DIAMANTE COURT SHOES WOMENS DRESSY PEEP TOE HEELS WEDDING PROM BRIDAL,Wine Nubuck Platform Stilettos Formal Strappy Buckle Womens High Heels Size 5.5,Ladies Shoes Karen Millen size 37.5. Stiletto Heels Good Condition,Berta Size 38 Size 5 Stiletto Peep Toe High Heeled Shoes With Gold Diamante...,bailarinas piel marca Xti con goma ajustable para mejor sujeción poco uso nº37/6,SOFFT LADIES BLACK LADIES STRAPPY CAREER WEDGE SHOES SIZE 8.5 leather upper,Easy Spirit Black Leather Upper Heels Women's Size 9M,J CREW 7.5 Joley Peep Toe Black Patent Leather 3" High Heels Shoes,Capezio Womens Jr. Footlight Black Mary Jane Heels Size 7.5 (AA,N) (1101),Man/Woman Ladies Shimmer Satin open toe kitten heel party shoes with diamante brooch High security low cost Outstanding style VR867,Phase Eight Green Satin Peep Toe Shoes Size 8/41,de satén para dama abierto Medio Tacón Alto peep-toe Zapatos FiestaGentleman/Lady Jessica Simson high heel Shoes Aesthetic appearance low cost high quality product,Ladies Patent Mid Heel Evening Party Casual Platform Court Shoes Pumps Size/9161,BN BLACK GLITTER & DIAMANTE HEELED PEEP TOE SLING BACK SHOES By POSHH!Bandolino Black Rhinestone Embellished High Heel Pumps Size 9.5M,Diana Ferrari Womens Black Shoes - SuperSoft - Size 38 / US 7.5,Ladies Glittery Gold/silver Heels - size 6,NINE WEST FAIR GAME Hot Pink Size 7.5 M Sandals EUC,Men's/Women's Women's Black High Heels By Guess Crazy price special function Various,PENNY LOVES KENNY ~ 7.5 M animal print and faux suede & studs platforms HOT! /,WOMEN STRAPPY SIDE PIN ANKLE BUCKLE LADIES HIGH HEEL SANDAL UK SIZES 3-8,Shoe Republic LA Women's Burgandy D'Orsay Peep Toe Sandal w/Ankle StrapPALIKA! Paprika Women's Sexy High Heel Gold Trim Slip On Dress Platform Pump
BO: When it comes to precision medicine, advances in technology, data science, and clinical research are already curing diseases that were once thought to be incurable. It’s entirely possible that a decade or two from now, treatments would be tailored not just to the disease, but also to the individual patient. We’re being careful to protect patient data and to make participants partners in this work. Because if we embrace precision medicine in the right way, the possibilities for better treatments are practically endless.
The BRAIN Initiative is another project whose time has come. Right now, we can identify galaxies billions of light-years away. We can study particles smaller than an atom. But we still haven’t unlocked the mystery of the 3 pounds of matter that sits between our ears. I believe that with America leading the way, we can change that. Hundreds of scientists and dozens of universities, companies, foundations, and other organizations have stepped up to help us tackle this challenge.
PS: You’ve also advocated the development of a private space industry to work alongside and complement government efforts. What is your vision for space exploration and commercialization? Who does what?
BO: I’ve laid out a vision for space exploration where our astronauts travel out into the solar system not just to visit, but to stay. To build a sustainable human presence in space, we’ll need a thriving private-sector space economy. I see the expanding space industry as an addition to, not a replacement for, the extraordinary work of NASA. With industry taking over tasks like ferrying cargo and crew to the International Space Station, NASA can focus even more intensely on the most challenging exploration missions, like landing astronauts on Mars or learning more about Earth and the rest of our solar system.
As we set our sights toward other planets, we can also create good jobs here on this one. American companies have begun to reclaim the lucrative market for launching commercial satellites. That’s just one example of the way that a growing space economy can help American workers succeed.
PS: If you were to end up on Mars, who would you want as your companion: Mark Watney from The Martian, or Ellen Ripley from Alien?
BO: As long as it’s a hypothetical question, can’t I pick both? If I’ve got Matt Damon growing potatoes and Sigourney Weaver taking care of any unwelcome intruders, I like my chances.
PS: It’s been barely two months since a climate agreement was struck in Paris. How do you think the agreement will be remembered 20 years from now?
BO: I believe the Paris agreement can be a turning point for our planet. It’s the biggest single step the world has ever taken toward combating global climate change. When I traveled to Paris at the beginning of the climate conference, I said we needed an enduring agreement that reduces global carbon emissions and commits the world to a low-carbon future. That’s exactly what we achieved.
The American people should be proud because this historic agreement is a tribute to American leadership. The skeptics said that taking action to transition to a clean-energy economy would kill jobs. Instead, we’ve seen the longest streak of private-sector job creation in history. We’ve driven our economic output to all-time highs, while driving our carbon pollution to its lowest level in nearly two decades.
These kinds of concrete steps helped bring more countries to the table. With our historic joint announcement with China last year, we showed it was possible to bridge the old divides between developed and developing nations that had stymied global progress for too long. And that accomplishment inspired dozens and dozens of other nations to follow our lead and set ambitious climate targets of their own.
BO: Before you can solve a problem, you have to understand it. That’s why we’ve fought hard to protect the funding for the U.S. Global Change Research Program, a government-wide effort to help us see what’s happening in the present so we can better predict the future. Thanks to their efforts, our satellites, aircraft, ships, buoys, and terrestrial-monitoring systems are providing indispensable insights and strengthening the models that tell us what to expect going forward.
My administration hasn’t just helped to advance climate science—we’ve also made good use of the results. We used the most up-to-date insights from climate science as the basis of our national Climate Action Plan. And we’ve begun to develop accessible climate databases and tools that help governments, businesses, and citizens protect themselves from the effects of climate change that we can’t avoid.
President Obama, photographed on January 4 at the White House
BO: Fifteen of the planet’s 16 warmest years have come in the first 16 years of the 21st century. The warmest year yet was 2015. The Pentagon is warning us that climate change will threaten our national security by fostering instability overseas. Here at home, we’re seeing longer and more dangerous wildfire seasons, coupled with devastating droughts. Last year I visited Alaska, where towns are literally being swallowed up by rising sea levels. Miami now routinely floods at high tide. So this debate is over. The question now is what we do about climate change because there is such a thing as being too late. And I think that regardless of their party, if candidates for elected office want to resign your children and grandchildren to a world that’s broken beyond repair, then there’s simply no way they deserve your vote.
BO: Well, here’s what we’ve done. Over the past seven years, we have transformed America into the global leader in fighting climate change. We’ve set new fuel standards for cars and trucks, invested more than any administration in history in growing industries like wind and solar, taken unprecedented steps to protect our natural resources, and set limits on the amount of carbon pollution that power plants can dump into the air. Most important, we’ve proved that we don’t have to choose between a growing economy and a safer planet for future generations. We can have both.
But in the end, when I think about our efforts to combat climate change, I don’t just think about CO2 emissions levels or degrees of global temperature rise. I think about my two girls, and the grandchildren I’d hope to have one day. I imagine myself pushing a little boy or girl on a swing set, out in the open air, looking up at the sun. In that moment, I want to know that the planet’s going to be in pretty good shape. And I want to have contributed to that.
Because that’s our goal: to leave behind a better, safer, more prosperous world for our kids and grandkids. That’s our most important mission in the time we have on Earth. And after seven years as president, I’ve never been more confident that together, we’ll succeed.