Along with running the free world, President Barack Obama has spent the past seven years guiding U.S. science and technology policy. The initiatives and goals he puts in place—in clean energy, space, medicine, education, nanotechnology, and more—help direct research, which in turn directs the future. With one year left in the Oval Office, the president talks about what he’s achieved, what’s left to do (a lot), and why being a nerd is one of the best ways to serve your country.By Cliff Ransom Photography by F. Scott Schafer
Popular Science: You have been a very pro-science president. Why do you see science and technology as being so important?
Sanuk Women's Yoga Joy Metallic Flip Flop 11 M US - Bronze - Jewels,TUSCANY EASY STREET WEDGE SANDALS, BRONZE , ANIMAL PRINT STRAPS , 7MNew Women Casual Thong Gladiator Sandals Flip Flops Strappy Flat Open Toe Shoes,Jack Rogers Georgica Jelly Thong Sandal Size 9 Black and White,New Mens Tony Hawk American Flag Post Thong Sandals 15102 Size 8/9 Blue/Red 108X,New Look Real Suede Brown Tassel sandalMan/Woman Sandals the most convenient The highest quality material Maintenance capabilitySimply Vera Vera Wang 6.5 M Sandals,Ladies Savannah Sandal Black Flat Diamante & Jewel Trim Toepost F0857,Bartolini Womens Shoes $49 Elba - 1 Black Slide Wedge Italy 8,Gentlemen/Ladies Fergalicious Womens zena Open Toe Casual Slide Sandals Easy to use Sales Italy Recommended today AV89NEW Merona Black Jana Strappy Sandals Size 11BORN Womens Ladies 10M Black Leather Low Wedge Heel Casual Slides Sandals Shoes.,Sandales LES P'TITES BOMBES P.41 (Dep18 21847),Clarks Collection black leather open toe thong sandals Women's shoesTurquoise nn Buckle Summer Gladiator Womens Sandals Slingbacks Shoes Size 7CRESSI SUB CIABATTE PISCINA MARE LIPARI Tg. 44 NERONew Women's Flat Sandals Summer Beach Slipper Flexible And Stylish Flip Flops,hommes Spot On bride arrière plastique sabot A1115 - DNew C LABEL Womens Beige Ankle Strap Sandals Size 6.5,Man's/Woman's CALEB-10 New Flats Sandals Buckle Gladiator Party Beach Women Shoes Silver 6.5 Practical and economical Strong value best seller GN736,Women's Rome Beach Clip Toe Shoes Leather Ankle Cross Strappy Flat Heels Sandals,Man's/Woman's Ladies Savannah Slip On Mules Style - F00066 New Listing Bright colors Different goods RR1858,Northside Closed Toe Sports Sandal - Women's Size 5, Grey/Orange,Crocs Bistro Pro Clog - Black White BlueMen/Women Ladies Anne Michelle Evening Sandals Label - F10455 Clever and practical Low price Very good color GV2120Oka B Madison Womens Brown Sandals Satin Bow Size M L,Ladies Straw Flips Flops in Hot Colours Orange, Pink or Red,Shoes SANDALS SOFTSPOTS BRONZE SLIDES Comfort soft leather 3" heel sz: 6 1/2M,Dr. Brinkmann 600355 Clog Unisex Clogs Nubuck Leather Black Black
PS: Among your White House initiatives, you’ve focused heavily on improving STEM education in America. What’s your proudest achievement on that front?
BO: There’s a lot to be proud of. We now graduate 25,000 more engineers per year from our colleges and universities than we did when I took office. We’re more than halfway toward our goal of preparing 100,000 new math and science teachers by 2021. We’ve secured more than $1 billion of private investment for improving STEM education, and commitments from college and university leadership to help underrepresented students earn STEM degrees. There’s also something that’s harder to measure, but every bit as important: all the young people, including minorities and young women, who are more excited than ever about pursuing their passions for STEM.
One of the new traditions I’ve started as president is the White House Science Fair. We ought to celebrate science fair winners at least as much as Super Bowl winners. And when young people are excited about science, technology, engineering, and math, that’s not just good for them. That’s good for America. We want the next game-changing industry or life-saving breakthrough to happen right here in the United States.
PS: Do you consider yourself a nerd and, if so, what’s your nerdiest pastime?
Pre-owned: An item that has been used or worn previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and ... Read moreabout the condition
|Style:||Flip Flops||US Shoe Size (Women's):||US 10|
PS: You also put heavy emphasis on developing innovation and entrepreneurship. How do you make Silicon Valley happen all over the country?
Curfew shoes sandals size 9M brown wedge heels open toe ankle buckle CharlotteCLARKS OF ENGLAND WOMEN SLIP-ON SANDALS US SIZE 7.5 M SOLID BROWN SEUDE.,Ecco Light Sandal Slip On Womens Suede Size 8 Euro 39,Gentleman/Lady Ipanema Women's Lush Flip-Flop, White/Green, Size 5.0 Good world reputation modern Clearance sale HG753,NEW Men’s Havaianas Flip Flops Size 12 Sandals Shoes,Rainbow sandals size unknown 9 3/4 inches long,Clarks Artisan ~ Womens 11 ~ Black Wedge Sandals Flower Accent GUC NICE!,Gigi Bon Voyage Black Sandals Size 6**Ollio Bow Sandals, Women's Size 6.5, BlackSkechers Women's 8 Cali Club Espadrille Peep Toe Wedge Sandals shoes Blue Canvas,7811458 LSPSA30 Women's Shoes Size 7 M Beige Leather Sandals Johnston & MurphyGentleman/Lady Havaianas Womens slim Split Toe Beach Slide Sandals Online Shopping new Seasonal promotion BW2485,Men's Champion Adjustable Slides Size 10 With Foam Flex Black/Green,GRUNLAND Plantare originale estraibile intercambiale sughero naturale ART XX0813,Athena Alexander Womens Silver Slides Size 10 (300685),ilse jacobsen Navy Glitter flip flops,WOMEN'S NAOT ESSENCE BLACK LEATHER SLIDE SANDALS SIZE 36 U.S. 5,Stuart Weitzman Slingback Sandal Size 7 Black Patent Leather Peep Toe Low Heel,Gentlemen/Ladies Womans Ladies Flat Pom Pom T Bar Espadrilles Sandals Silver Black Beige Shoes Crazy price, Birmingham high quality Quality and consumer first VG241,Mens Camo Sandals Flip Flops Camouflage Beach Water Shoes 10 11 12 13 NEWNew Mens BOSS White Solar Slide Synthetic Sandals Pool Slides Slip On,J. CREW Women's Metallic Silver Flat Sandals Size 9Women's Vail Strappy Block Heeled Sandal - Cognac - Size 7,Dansko Dark Brown Leather Wedge Slides Size 37 6.5-7WOMENS SHOES LADIES SANDALS SLIDERS MULES BUCKLE CASUAL COMFORT STYLE SIZE NEW,7812886 LSPSA30 Women's Shoes Size 7 M Ivory Leather Sandals Johnston & Murphy,Gentleman/Lady Ladies Spot On Sandals Style - L3410 High quality and cheap the most economical Excellent workmanship VR1238,Man's/Woman's Mens Reflex Flat Slider Mules A0R054 Crazy price, Birmingham real unique,Man's/Woman's Clarks 3 High quality and cheap Ranked first in its class International big nameNine West Sandals Women’s Size 8M Shoes Jelly Kiss,
BO: When it comes to precision medicine, advances in technology, data science, and clinical research are already curing diseases that were once thought to be incurable. It’s entirely possible that a decade or two from now, treatments would be tailored not just to the disease, but also to the individual patient. We’re being careful to protect patient data and to make participants partners in this work. Because if we embrace precision medicine in the right way, the possibilities for better treatments are practically endless.
The BRAIN Initiative is another project whose time has come. Right now, we can identify galaxies billions of light-years away. We can study particles smaller than an atom. But we still haven’t unlocked the mystery of the 3 pounds of matter that sits between our ears. I believe that with America leading the way, we can change that. Hundreds of scientists and dozens of universities, companies, foundations, and other organizations have stepped up to help us tackle this challenge.
PS: You’ve also advocated the development of a private space industry to work alongside and complement government efforts. What is your vision for space exploration and commercialization? Who does what?
BO: I’ve laid out a vision for space exploration where our astronauts travel out into the solar system not just to visit, but to stay. To build a sustainable human presence in space, we’ll need a thriving private-sector space economy. I see the expanding space industry as an addition to, not a replacement for, the extraordinary work of NASA. With industry taking over tasks like ferrying cargo and crew to the International Space Station, NASA can focus even more intensely on the most challenging exploration missions, like landing astronauts on Mars or learning more about Earth and the rest of our solar system.
As we set our sights toward other planets, we can also create good jobs here on this one. American companies have begun to reclaim the lucrative market for launching commercial satellites. That’s just one example of the way that a growing space economy can help American workers succeed.
PS: If you were to end up on Mars, who would you want as your companion: Mark Watney from The Martian, or Ellen Ripley from Alien?
BO: As long as it’s a hypothetical question, can’t I pick both? If I’ve got Matt Damon growing potatoes and Sigourney Weaver taking care of any unwelcome intruders, I like my chances.
PS: It’s been barely two months since a climate agreement was struck in Paris. How do you think the agreement will be remembered 20 years from now?
BO: I believe the Paris agreement can be a turning point for our planet. It’s the biggest single step the world has ever taken toward combating global climate change. When I traveled to Paris at the beginning of the climate conference, I said we needed an enduring agreement that reduces global carbon emissions and commits the world to a low-carbon future. That’s exactly what we achieved.
The American people should be proud because this historic agreement is a tribute to American leadership. The skeptics said that taking action to transition to a clean-energy economy would kill jobs. Instead, we’ve seen the longest streak of private-sector job creation in history. We’ve driven our economic output to all-time highs, while driving our carbon pollution to its lowest level in nearly two decades.
These kinds of concrete steps helped bring more countries to the table. With our historic joint announcement with China last year, we showed it was possible to bridge the old divides between developed and developing nations that had stymied global progress for too long. And that accomplishment inspired dozens and dozens of other nations to follow our lead and set ambitious climate targets of their own.
BO: Before you can solve a problem, you have to understand it. That’s why we’ve fought hard to protect the funding for the U.S. Global Change Research Program, a government-wide effort to help us see what’s happening in the present so we can better predict the future. Thanks to their efforts, our satellites, aircraft, ships, buoys, and terrestrial-monitoring systems are providing indispensable insights and strengthening the models that tell us what to expect going forward.
My administration hasn’t just helped to advance climate science—we’ve also made good use of the results. We used the most up-to-date insights from climate science as the basis of our national Climate Action Plan. And we’ve begun to develop accessible climate databases and tools that help governments, businesses, and citizens protect themselves from the effects of climate change that we can’t avoid.
President Obama, photographed on January 4 at the White House
BO: Fifteen of the planet’s 16 warmest years have come in the first 16 years of the 21st century. The warmest year yet was 2015. The Pentagon is warning us that climate change will threaten our national security by fostering instability overseas. Here at home, we’re seeing longer and more dangerous wildfire seasons, coupled with devastating droughts. Last year I visited Alaska, where towns are literally being swallowed up by rising sea levels. Miami now routinely floods at high tide. So this debate is over. The question now is what we do about climate change because there is such a thing as being too late. And I think that regardless of their party, if candidates for elected office want to resign your children and grandchildren to a world that’s broken beyond repair, then there’s simply no way they deserve your vote.
BO: Well, here’s what we’ve done. Over the past seven years, we have transformed America into the global leader in fighting climate change. We’ve set new fuel standards for cars and trucks, invested more than any administration in history in growing industries like wind and solar, taken unprecedented steps to protect our natural resources, and set limits on the amount of carbon pollution that power plants can dump into the air. Most important, we’ve proved that we don’t have to choose between a growing economy and a safer planet for future generations. We can have both.
But in the end, when I think about our efforts to combat climate change, I don’t just think about CO2 emissions levels or degrees of global temperature rise. I think about my two girls, and the grandchildren I’d hope to have one day. I imagine myself pushing a little boy or girl on a swing set, out in the open air, looking up at the sun. In that moment, I want to know that the planet’s going to be in pretty good shape. And I want to have contributed to that.
Because that’s our goal: to leave behind a better, safer, more prosperous world for our kids and grandkids. That’s our most important mission in the time we have on Earth. And after seven years as president, I’ve never been more confident that together, we’ll succeed.