Along with running the free world, President Barack Obama has spent the past seven years guiding U.S. science and technology policy. The initiatives and goals he puts in place—in clean energy, space, medicine, education, nanotechnology, and more—help direct research, which in turn directs the future. With one year left in the Oval Office, the president talks about what he’s achieved, what’s left to do (a lot), and why being a nerd is one of the best ways to serve your country.By Cliff Ransom Photography by F. Scott Schafer
Popular Science: You have been a very pro-science president. Why do you see science and technology as being so important?
MontegoBay Club(NEW) Womens Sandals, Size 7/8, Brown, Leather,Charming Charlie Tan Nude Suede Slide On Espadrilles Sandals Slip Ons Womens...,Gentleman/Lady Ladies Synthetic Ankle Strap Summer Shoes Spot On Style-F9887 Clever and practical Stylish and fun Speed refund VG1942,INTER chanclas de niño azul varias tallas producto oficial idea de regalo,Gentlemen/Ladies Yellow Box Women's Quast Sandal Innovative design Affordable Different styles and styles,Ladies Black Toe Post Low Wedge Heel Diamante Sling Back Sandal Cruise Holiday,Roxy women's white thongs with sparkling silver straps size US8,Under Armour Womens Lakeshore Drive Thong Flip Flop Sandal Coral Silver Size 9,Nine West Nora Women's Block Heeled Sandal SZ 8.5M,PEZZANO CUÑA SERPIENTE A-053 Sandalias Tobillo Cuña Mujer Comodas Baratas ModaGentlemen/Ladies CIABATTA DONNA INBLU DI60 Big clearance sale high quality Outstanding function,Minnetonk Sandals Silverthorne White Leather Slides Slip On Womens Size 8N,Men's Adidas 3 Stripe Slide Rubber Sandals------sz 13----,Joules Womens y_flipflop Open Toe Casual, CRMGDTY, Size 6.0,Gentleman/Lady Ladies Spot On Kitten Heel Sandals Label - F1723 Good design High quality and economy Non-slip GB2142,Backform Flip-Flops Sandalen Slipper tragen bequeme Strand Hausschuhe Frauen lp,Women's SO Slide Rainbow Sandals sz large (9/10) New W/TagsMan's/Woman's Hush Puppies-Queens-Animal Print Slides-Size 6 Rich design Low price Speed refund,ESPADRILLES Great platform wedge sandals! - Woman's Sz 8.5 - by Franco Sarto,Women's VivaLaDiva new blue sandals, size 8Men's/Women's Ladies Savannah Sandals F0842 Style ~ K Elegant shape excellent Personalization trend VV1227Gentleman/Lady REEF - CIABATTA JUNIOR - AHI SLIDE - GBO-5081 - GREY/BOARDS Easy to use stable quality Outstanding function RB27,Gentlemen/Ladies Report Womens Greggers Open Toe Casual Slide Sandals Long-term reputation Stylish and charming Characteristics WG2922,Man/Woman adidas flipflops size 6 Many styles Known for its good quality Maintenance capability,Novità Donna Scorrevole Slip On Paillettes Infradito Pantofola Sandali Piatti,Man/Woman Bar III Womens Victor Fabric Open Toe Casual Ankle Strap Sandals High quality and cheap Modern and stylish fashion Caramel, gentle VH2869,Plano Mujer Stud Tiras Detalle Verano Playa Chanclas Sandalias Números,New Womens Skechers Indulge 2 Urban Safari Sandal Style 38960 White/Blk 186N pr,WOMENS BORN ADJUSTABLE SLINGBACK WEDGE SANDALS 10MGentlemen/Ladies Ladies Anne Michelle Sandals The Style L6750 Complete specification delicate Easy life GH1411,
PS: Among your White House initiatives, you’ve focused heavily on improving STEM education in America. What’s your proudest achievement on that front?
BO: There’s a lot to be proud of. We now graduate 25,000 more engineers per year from our colleges and universities than we did when I took office. We’re more than halfway toward our goal of preparing 100,000 new math and science teachers by 2021. We’ve secured more than $1 billion of private investment for improving STEM education, and commitments from college and university leadership to help underrepresented students earn STEM degrees. There’s also something that’s harder to measure, but every bit as important: all the young people, including minorities and young women, who are more excited than ever about pursuing their passions for STEM.
One of the new traditions I’ve started as president is the White House Science Fair. We ought to celebrate science fair winners at least as much as Super Bowl winners. And when young people are excited about science, technology, engineering, and math, that’s not just good for them. That’s good for America. We want the next game-changing industry or life-saving breakthrough to happen right here in the United States.
PS: Do you consider yourself a nerd and, if so, what’s your nerdiest pastime?
PS: You also put heavy emphasis on developing innovation and entrepreneurship. How do you make Silicon Valley happen all over the country?
Ladies pair of brown Born sliders size 8 M/WMen's/Women's Ladies Anne Michelle Heeled Sandals The Style - L3912 Elegant appearance Modern and stylish fashion Reliable reputation WH1546,$20 Crocs Mens Chawaii Flip Flop Shoes, Espresso, US 11,Jubilee Embellished Flip Flop Sandals 33568 Nora *New*,COUGAR WOMEN'S WORLD THONG COMFORT FLIP FLOP SANDALS BLACK SYNTHETIC US SZ 10 M,Carlos by Carlos Santana Womens Kenzie Gladiator Sandals 5 Medium (B,M) 7581,American Eagle Outfitters wedge platform sandals 3" heel sz 10 shoeRJ Colt Thong Flip Flops Leather Brown Size 11 M Sandals Shoes,Billabong Women's Crossing Over 2 Flat Sandal,Firetrap Ladies Sandal In Black Eu36,Scholl Gel Activ Insoles for Women Open Shoes 1 Pair,Women's S.O. OCEAN Black Ankle Strap Flat Sandals Casual Summer Shoes NEW 8.5,BARE TRAPS Garnett Gray with Black/White/Rhinestones Flip-Flops 6 Mwomens leopard print wedge sandals size 7EXPRESS Black Knot Thong Sandals ~ Size 7Rockport Wedge Cork Platform Sandals Ivory Linen Open Toe Womens 6.5 M,Gentleman/Lady Ladies Leather Collection Flat Mule Sandals F00072 ~ N Economical and practical auction Fashion versatile shoes GH1185,Man/Woman Men's Reflex Black Mule Sandal A0R054 elegant Sales Italy As of the latest model,Ambience Men's Indian Wedding Shoes Sherwani Punjabi Jutti khussa US 12 CubicRed,FERGALICIOUS WOMENS "FLUTTER" PLATFORM SANDAL TAUPE PATENT US SZ 8.5 MEDIUM (B)M,Keen Womens Sage Slip On Water Shoes Turquoise Blue Size 10.5American Rag Women's Keira Braided Flat Sandals Size 10 Brown,Women’s espadrilles Schuh size 4 eur 37,Lime Green S Edelman Slides Sandals w/Decorative Sequins & Metallic Thread 6.5 M,Man/Woman Womens Kids Sports Gym Sandal Mickey MouseSlipper Summer Shoes Beach Flip Flops Online Shopping Win the praise of customers Caramel, gentle BV3015Mens Size 10.5 Michigan Thong Flip Flops,Corkys 10.5 Metallic White Slip On Toe Loop Women's Sandals Shoes Wedge,JBU BY JAMBU Wildflower Shoes size 11 Womens Sandals Beige Vegan Mary JaneWOMENS NEW MIXIT Brown FLIP FLOP SANDALS Size 8Guess Women's Slide Sandals Pink Size 7 NEW,
BO: When it comes to precision medicine, advances in technology, data science, and clinical research are already curing diseases that were once thought to be incurable. It’s entirely possible that a decade or two from now, treatments would be tailored not just to the disease, but also to the individual patient. We’re being careful to protect patient data and to make participants partners in this work. Because if we embrace precision medicine in the right way, the possibilities for better treatments are practically endless.
The BRAIN Initiative is another project whose time has come. Right now, we can identify galaxies billions of light-years away. We can study particles smaller than an atom. But we still haven’t unlocked the mystery of the 3 pounds of matter that sits between our ears. I believe that with America leading the way, we can change that. Hundreds of scientists and dozens of universities, companies, foundations, and other organizations have stepped up to help us tackle this challenge.
PS: You’ve also advocated the development of a private space industry to work alongside and complement government efforts. What is your vision for space exploration and commercialization? Who does what?
BO: I’ve laid out a vision for space exploration where our astronauts travel out into the solar system not just to visit, but to stay. To build a sustainable human presence in space, we’ll need a thriving private-sector space economy. I see the expanding space industry as an addition to, not a replacement for, the extraordinary work of NASA. With industry taking over tasks like ferrying cargo and crew to the International Space Station, NASA can focus even more intensely on the most challenging exploration missions, like landing astronauts on Mars or learning more about Earth and the rest of our solar system.
As we set our sights toward other planets, we can also create good jobs here on this one. American companies have begun to reclaim the lucrative market for launching commercial satellites. That’s just one example of the way that a growing space economy can help American workers succeed.
PS: If you were to end up on Mars, who would you want as your companion: Mark Watney from The Martian, or Ellen Ripley from Alien?
BO: As long as it’s a hypothetical question, can’t I pick both? If I’ve got Matt Damon growing potatoes and Sigourney Weaver taking care of any unwelcome intruders, I like my chances.
PS: It’s been barely two months since a climate agreement was struck in Paris. How do you think the agreement will be remembered 20 years from now?
BO: I believe the Paris agreement can be a turning point for our planet. It’s the biggest single step the world has ever taken toward combating global climate change. When I traveled to Paris at the beginning of the climate conference, I said we needed an enduring agreement that reduces global carbon emissions and commits the world to a low-carbon future. That’s exactly what we achieved.
The American people should be proud because this historic agreement is a tribute to American leadership. The skeptics said that taking action to transition to a clean-energy economy would kill jobs. Instead, we’ve seen the longest streak of private-sector job creation in history. We’ve driven our economic output to all-time highs, while driving our carbon pollution to its lowest level in nearly two decades.
These kinds of concrete steps helped bring more countries to the table. With our historic joint announcement with China last year, we showed it was possible to bridge the old divides between developed and developing nations that had stymied global progress for too long. And that accomplishment inspired dozens and dozens of other nations to follow our lead and set ambitious climate targets of their own.
BO: Before you can solve a problem, you have to understand it. That’s why we’ve fought hard to protect the funding for the U.S. Global Change Research Program, a government-wide effort to help us see what’s happening in the present so we can better predict the future. Thanks to their efforts, our satellites, aircraft, ships, buoys, and terrestrial-monitoring systems are providing indispensable insights and strengthening the models that tell us what to expect going forward.
My administration hasn’t just helped to advance climate science—we’ve also made good use of the results. We used the most up-to-date insights from climate science as the basis of our national Climate Action Plan. And we’ve begun to develop accessible climate databases and tools that help governments, businesses, and citizens protect themselves from the effects of climate change that we can’t avoid.
President Obama, photographed on January 4 at the White House
BO: Fifteen of the planet’s 16 warmest years have come in the first 16 years of the 21st century. The warmest year yet was 2015. The Pentagon is warning us that climate change will threaten our national security by fostering instability overseas. Here at home, we’re seeing longer and more dangerous wildfire seasons, coupled with devastating droughts. Last year I visited Alaska, where towns are literally being swallowed up by rising sea levels. Miami now routinely floods at high tide. So this debate is over. The question now is what we do about climate change because there is such a thing as being too late. And I think that regardless of their party, if candidates for elected office want to resign your children and grandchildren to a world that’s broken beyond repair, then there’s simply no way they deserve your vote.
BO: Well, here’s what we’ve done. Over the past seven years, we have transformed America into the global leader in fighting climate change. We’ve set new fuel standards for cars and trucks, invested more than any administration in history in growing industries like wind and solar, taken unprecedented steps to protect our natural resources, and set limits on the amount of carbon pollution that power plants can dump into the air. Most important, we’ve proved that we don’t have to choose between a growing economy and a safer planet for future generations. We can have both.
But in the end, when I think about our efforts to combat climate change, I don’t just think about CO2 emissions levels or degrees of global temperature rise. I think about my two girls, and the grandchildren I’d hope to have one day. I imagine myself pushing a little boy or girl on a swing set, out in the open air, looking up at the sun. In that moment, I want to know that the planet’s going to be in pretty good shape. And I want to have contributed to that.
Because that’s our goal: to leave behind a better, safer, more prosperous world for our kids and grandkids. That’s our most important mission in the time we have on Earth. And after seven years as president, I’ve never been more confident that together, we’ll succeed.