Along with running the free world, President Barack Obama has spent the past seven years guiding U.S. science and technology policy. The initiatives and goals he puts in place—in clean energy, space, medicine, education, nanotechnology, and more—help direct research, which in turn directs the future. With one year left in the Oval Office, the president talks about what he’s achieved, what’s left to do (a lot), and why being a nerd is one of the best ways to serve your country.By Cliff Ransom Photography by F. Scott Schafer
Popular Science: You have been a very pro-science president. Why do you see science and technology as being so important?
New Women SOFIA Jelly Fluffy Faux Fur Slide Sandal by ANN MORE,Men's/Women's Call It Spring Women's Terryn Gladiator Sandal, Black Synthetic, Size 7.5 Good world reputation product quality Comfortable and natural WB3032Sanuk Womens Sandals Size 6 Slip On Slingback Thong Flip Flop purple,black,**Olivia Miller Sandals, Women's Size ?, Gold,PONS Avarcas USA, Classic style strap, black leather, size 9,Mephisto Zach Fit Tan Grain Comfort Sandal Slide Mens 40-48 NEW!!!,Gold Metallic & White Leather RALPH LAUREN Ankle Strap Thong Sandals 7.5 B,Nouveau Femme Pyramide Cloutées Cheville T-Sangle Sandale Ballet Bas PlatStacy Adams Mens Calisto Fisherman Sandal- Select SZ/Color,Man/Woman NEW WOMEN Fur Slide Cute Slipper Comfortable Flat Shoes Faux Furry Sandal SALE Adequate supply and timely delivery Selected materials Clearance sale VR372,Billabong Women's Beach Bandit Gladiator Sandal, Off Black, 7 M USVictoria's Secret Sz 10B Pink Flat Flexi Flip Flops Sandals,J Crew Flip Flops Thongs Sandals Woven Straw Womens 8M,NWT. JUST FAB brand Wedge Sandals Size 10,Men US Shoe Size Adjustable Light Foam Slide Sandals Comfort Flip Flops Gray NEW,Men’s Rockport Brown leather Slides Sandals Shoes Size 8.5,Really Cute Caribbean Joe brown beaded Women's Flip Flops Sandals Size 8WANKA! City Classified Women's Criss Cross Ankle Strap Mid Heel Sandals,New! Men's Risewear 60187 Flash Slide Sandal - Black B13Gentlemen/Ladies Ebisu Sandals- Size 6 Diverse new design Order welcome International big name,Man's/Woman's Minnetonka leather sandals size 8 NWB online sale Order welcome Recommended today,MONTEGO BAY CLUB Sandals Women Shoes Size 7.5 Canvas Wedge High Heels White,Born Tyne Sandals - CLOSEOUTS - 3 colors/multiple sizesQuicksilver Mens MLB Team Anaheim Angels Red Flip Flop Sandals Shoes $29.99Men's/Women's The Luxe Mode Glee Black Sandals the most convenient Clearance best sellerGentlemen/Ladies New Women Gladiator Comfortable SandalS Shoes Strap Flip Flat COLOR TAN PU(SALE) Special purchase Good market Maintenance capability AW1574,Nuevo Mujer Negro o Topo Jeep J-41 Pingree Senderismo Sandalias KJ15PGE54 con,New Womens Double Strap Cork Sole Sandals Double Buckle Open Toe Flip Flop Shoes,White Mt womens Bronze wedge slides, size 8.5M, preownedLOFT Ann Taylor Flip Flops Women's 7 Black Patent Gold. Sandal Shoes SUN & SAND,
PS: Among your White House initiatives, you’ve focused heavily on improving STEM education in America. What’s your proudest achievement on that front?
BO: There’s a lot to be proud of. We now graduate 25,000 more engineers per year from our colleges and universities than we did when I took office. We’re more than halfway toward our goal of preparing 100,000 new math and science teachers by 2021. We’ve secured more than $1 billion of private investment for improving STEM education, and commitments from college and university leadership to help underrepresented students earn STEM degrees. There’s also something that’s harder to measure, but every bit as important: all the young people, including minorities and young women, who are more excited than ever about pursuing their passions for STEM.
One of the new traditions I’ve started as president is the White House Science Fair. We ought to celebrate science fair winners at least as much as Super Bowl winners. And when young people are excited about science, technology, engineering, and math, that’s not just good for them. That’s good for America. We want the next game-changing industry or life-saving breakthrough to happen right here in the United States.
PS: Do you consider yourself a nerd and, if so, what’s your nerdiest pastime?
Pre-owned: An item that has been used or worn previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and ... Read moreabout the condition
|UK Shoe Size (Women's):||UK 6||Heel Height:||Low (3/4 to 1 1/2 in)|
PS: You also put heavy emphasis on developing innovation and entrepreneurship. How do you make Silicon Valley happen all over the country?
Bartolini Womens Shoes $39 Gaia Pewter Steel Woven Sandal Slide Wedge Italy 8,NEW!! Kristen Cavallari Chinese Laundry Largo Block Heel Sandal Size 10,Naot Brown Sandals Womens Size 38 US 7 Buckle,Gentleman/Lady Olly Womens Ladies Faux Fur Comfy Sliders Flat Shoes Slippers Summer Sandals 5-9 Consumer first Cheaper than the price Popular recommendation RB86,[Korea mall)New Mens Water Shoes Fitness Scuba Aqua Skin Shoes_SN201 sale,Men's/Women's Mens Rieker Casual Sandals '26757' Economical and practical stable quality Excellent functionSize 7 brown gladiator sandals with stiletto heels from New Look,Lightly Worn Colorado Size 10 tan leather slip on sandals flip flop wedges,Cliffs White Mountain Women’s Cheerio Espadrille Sandals Size 8 T Strap Stripes,Two Lips Pink Strappy Cork Capri Wedges Size 10 Great ConditionDark Taupe Suede & Leather SIMPLE Open Toe Strappy Sandals Slides 7,Men's/Women's Ladies Spot On Sandals F10746 The Style ~ K service Modern design British temperament GV1487,INTER infradito da bambino blu varie taglie prodotto ufficiale idea regalo,Route 66 Flip Flop SANDALS WOMEN'S SIZE 11,BORN CLOSED TOE FISHERMAN'S SANDAL, 7/38, BLACK LEATHER,SOFFT Bronze Slip On Wedge Metal Accent 2" Heel Leather Sandals Shoes Size 9NBorn Women's 9 Black Leather Buckle Criss-Cross Wedge Heeled Sandals W3070 EUCOffice Womens Black Suede Sandals Size 39 (),Union Bay Sandals 8.5M Multi-Color Floral Women's Double Strap Buckle Shoes NWOB,Men's/Women's Womens Sports Gym Sandal Slipper Summer Stripe Shoes Beach Flip Flops Red Beautiful color low cost Lightweight shoes AG2887,Man's/Woman's MENS CROCS FLIP FLOPS...WHITE /BLUE TRIM service Optimal price Preferential price,WOMENS LADIES SUMMER MENORCAN SANDALS SLING BACK FLIP FLOPS BEACH SHOES SIZE NEW,New Women's Sexy Bridal Open Toe Glitter Zipper Strappy High Heel Size 5 -10,Men/Women Ipanema Frauen Flip Flops Many varieties modern Sales online store,South Blanco Punta Abierta Pantuflas Con Yute tacones talla,BOC by Born Women's Green Leather Floral Wedge Open Toe Sandals 7 M C33329,Gentleman/Lady NWT Women's Vera Bradley Flip Flops- Rain Forest Pattern Medium(7- 8)Ret.$24 High security Strong value Exquisite processing GA329,Man's/Woman's Mens Spot On Beach Wear 'Sandals' flagship store Primary quality Suitable for colorBirkenstock Zurich Soft Footbed Suede Womens Mens Open-Back Unisex Sandalen,Topline Women's Every1 Flat Sandal, Gold, Size 6.0 US / 4 UK,
BO: When it comes to precision medicine, advances in technology, data science, and clinical research are already curing diseases that were once thought to be incurable. It’s entirely possible that a decade or two from now, treatments would be tailored not just to the disease, but also to the individual patient. We’re being careful to protect patient data and to make participants partners in this work. Because if we embrace precision medicine in the right way, the possibilities for better treatments are practically endless.
The BRAIN Initiative is another project whose time has come. Right now, we can identify galaxies billions of light-years away. We can study particles smaller than an atom. But we still haven’t unlocked the mystery of the 3 pounds of matter that sits between our ears. I believe that with America leading the way, we can change that. Hundreds of scientists and dozens of universities, companies, foundations, and other organizations have stepped up to help us tackle this challenge.
PS: You’ve also advocated the development of a private space industry to work alongside and complement government efforts. What is your vision for space exploration and commercialization? Who does what?
BO: I’ve laid out a vision for space exploration where our astronauts travel out into the solar system not just to visit, but to stay. To build a sustainable human presence in space, we’ll need a thriving private-sector space economy. I see the expanding space industry as an addition to, not a replacement for, the extraordinary work of NASA. With industry taking over tasks like ferrying cargo and crew to the International Space Station, NASA can focus even more intensely on the most challenging exploration missions, like landing astronauts on Mars or learning more about Earth and the rest of our solar system.
As we set our sights toward other planets, we can also create good jobs here on this one. American companies have begun to reclaim the lucrative market for launching commercial satellites. That’s just one example of the way that a growing space economy can help American workers succeed.
PS: If you were to end up on Mars, who would you want as your companion: Mark Watney from The Martian, or Ellen Ripley from Alien?
BO: As long as it’s a hypothetical question, can’t I pick both? If I’ve got Matt Damon growing potatoes and Sigourney Weaver taking care of any unwelcome intruders, I like my chances.
PS: It’s been barely two months since a climate agreement was struck in Paris. How do you think the agreement will be remembered 20 years from now?
BO: I believe the Paris agreement can be a turning point for our planet. It’s the biggest single step the world has ever taken toward combating global climate change. When I traveled to Paris at the beginning of the climate conference, I said we needed an enduring agreement that reduces global carbon emissions and commits the world to a low-carbon future. That’s exactly what we achieved.
The American people should be proud because this historic agreement is a tribute to American leadership. The skeptics said that taking action to transition to a clean-energy economy would kill jobs. Instead, we’ve seen the longest streak of private-sector job creation in history. We’ve driven our economic output to all-time highs, while driving our carbon pollution to its lowest level in nearly two decades.
These kinds of concrete steps helped bring more countries to the table. With our historic joint announcement with China last year, we showed it was possible to bridge the old divides between developed and developing nations that had stymied global progress for too long. And that accomplishment inspired dozens and dozens of other nations to follow our lead and set ambitious climate targets of their own.
BO: Before you can solve a problem, you have to understand it. That’s why we’ve fought hard to protect the funding for the U.S. Global Change Research Program, a government-wide effort to help us see what’s happening in the present so we can better predict the future. Thanks to their efforts, our satellites, aircraft, ships, buoys, and terrestrial-monitoring systems are providing indispensable insights and strengthening the models that tell us what to expect going forward.
My administration hasn’t just helped to advance climate science—we’ve also made good use of the results. We used the most up-to-date insights from climate science as the basis of our national Climate Action Plan. And we’ve begun to develop accessible climate databases and tools that help governments, businesses, and citizens protect themselves from the effects of climate change that we can’t avoid.
President Obama, photographed on January 4 at the White House
BO: Fifteen of the planet’s 16 warmest years have come in the first 16 years of the 21st century. The warmest year yet was 2015. The Pentagon is warning us that climate change will threaten our national security by fostering instability overseas. Here at home, we’re seeing longer and more dangerous wildfire seasons, coupled with devastating droughts. Last year I visited Alaska, where towns are literally being swallowed up by rising sea levels. Miami now routinely floods at high tide. So this debate is over. The question now is what we do about climate change because there is such a thing as being too late. And I think that regardless of their party, if candidates for elected office want to resign your children and grandchildren to a world that’s broken beyond repair, then there’s simply no way they deserve your vote.
BO: Well, here’s what we’ve done. Over the past seven years, we have transformed America into the global leader in fighting climate change. We’ve set new fuel standards for cars and trucks, invested more than any administration in history in growing industries like wind and solar, taken unprecedented steps to protect our natural resources, and set limits on the amount of carbon pollution that power plants can dump into the air. Most important, we’ve proved that we don’t have to choose between a growing economy and a safer planet for future generations. We can have both.
But in the end, when I think about our efforts to combat climate change, I don’t just think about CO2 emissions levels or degrees of global temperature rise. I think about my two girls, and the grandchildren I’d hope to have one day. I imagine myself pushing a little boy or girl on a swing set, out in the open air, looking up at the sun. In that moment, I want to know that the planet’s going to be in pretty good shape. And I want to have contributed to that.
Because that’s our goal: to leave behind a better, safer, more prosperous world for our kids and grandkids. That’s our most important mission in the time we have on Earth. And after seven years as president, I’ve never been more confident that together, we’ll succeed.