Along with running the free world, President Barack Obama has spent the past seven years guiding U.S. science and technology policy. The initiatives and goals he puts in place—in clean energy, space, medicine, education, nanotechnology, and more—help direct research, which in turn directs the future. With one year left in the Oval Office, the president talks about what he’s achieved, what’s left to do (a lot), and why being a nerd is one of the best ways to serve your country.By Cliff Ransom Photography by F. Scott Schafer
Popular Science: You have been a very pro-science president. Why do you see science and technology as being so important?
360358 LTSPSA30 Women's Shoes Size 7 M Gold Leather Thong Sandals H.S. Trask,Clarks mustard/gold flip flip slip on sandals D eur 37 * excellent conditio,Scholl Silver Ladies slip on sandals,Women's LC LAUREN CONRAD FIREFLI White Double Strap Slip On Sandals Shoes DEFECT,Express Women's 8 Black Patent with Clear And Black Crystals,Sporto Women's Beach Comfort Flip Flops Sandals - Black and GrayCole Haan White T-Strap Sandals with Rhinestone Detail in Size 9-EUC,Eric Michael size 40 Espadrille Made In Spain US 9,MENS LUXURY SLIP ON CASUAL BEACH MULE SANDAL BLACK BROWN BLUE 7 8 9 10 11,Rieker Ciabatte Infradito, Sandali, Blu, 21081 Nuovo,JUICY COUTURE Brown Flip Flops Pink Bow Charm SIZE 9 EUC,bolo Sz9mw flower gold sandals slip on soft inside padding bottom rubber sole,Black Multi nn Ankle Strap Buckle Casual Slip On Womens Sandals Shoes Size 7,Classic Elements Taupe Slip Ons Size 9 Med,Man/Woman GUESS wedge sandals 7 1/2 Durable service Sufficient supply Rich on-time delivery,Women's Sandals Summer Flip Flops Zebra Pink Size 8 9,Signature Studio Modernist Womans Wedge Heel Brown Beige Sandals Size 9 MMen/Women Steven Madden sandals quality Latest styles Caramel, gentle,KEEN Coral Fisherman Outdoors Hiking Camping Sandals Women's US 9,WOMENS "NEW" ROSEGIRL SANDALS SIZE 5 BLACK NEW,Born Drillers Women's Leather Wedge Slip On Sandals Size 7,Gentleman/Lady Born 9 Black Leather Sandals Guarantee quality and quantity Online Cost-effectiveMan/Woman MONSOON/DARK CHOCOLATE SUEDE/WEDGE HEEL/ANKLE STRAP/SANDALS/SIZE 5 Queensland Clearance business,CLARKS Leather Slides Ladies Sandals Size 11 Women’s Comfort Shoe Bronze 37386 N,Gentlemen/Ladies Ladies Anne Michelle F2252 Wedges The Style ~ K High quality and cheap buy Most practical GG1306,Man's/Woman's Juicy Flip Flops Various styles Carefully selected materials List of explosions,Man's/Woman's Size 6 Black Wedge Espadrille Sandals Year-end special promotions Moderate cost Reliable reputation,Mens KEEN Flip Flop Sandals Size 13Merrell Womens Gray Slides Size 10 (302014),City Classified Fermo Faux Patent Leather Black Ladies Fashion Strappy Sandal
PS: Among your White House initiatives, you’ve focused heavily on improving STEM education in America. What’s your proudest achievement on that front?
BO: There’s a lot to be proud of. We now graduate 25,000 more engineers per year from our colleges and universities than we did when I took office. We’re more than halfway toward our goal of preparing 100,000 new math and science teachers by 2021. We’ve secured more than $1 billion of private investment for improving STEM education, and commitments from college and university leadership to help underrepresented students earn STEM degrees. There’s also something that’s harder to measure, but every bit as important: all the young people, including minorities and young women, who are more excited than ever about pursuing their passions for STEM.
One of the new traditions I’ve started as president is the White House Science Fair. We ought to celebrate science fair winners at least as much as Super Bowl winners. And when young people are excited about science, technology, engineering, and math, that’s not just good for them. That’s good for America. We want the next game-changing industry or life-saving breakthrough to happen right here in the United States.
PS: Do you consider yourself a nerd and, if so, what’s your nerdiest pastime?
New with box: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
Tied N Teased
Does not apply
PS: You also put heavy emphasis on developing innovation and entrepreneurship. How do you make Silicon Valley happen all over the country?
Dockers Mens Solano Casual Comfort Outdoor Sport Adjustable Sandal Shoe,New Chinese Laundry Womens Black Slides Size 10,WOMENS LADIES MID WEDGE HEEL FLOWER DIAMANTE T-BAR STRAPPY SLINGBACK SANDALSNuovo! Roxy 'Tahiti V' Sandali Flip Flip Arancione/Bianco Donna Misura: 6,Ladies Spot On Footbed Toepost Mule with Buckle Trim 10295Man's/Woman's femmes Anne Michelle Sandales - L3393 Good world reputation Beautiful Contrary to the same paragraph,Men/Women Indigo Rd. Womens Suze5 Open Toe Casual Slide Sandals Durable service Highly praised and appreciated by the consumer audience Tide shoes list RR3079Pink Slip On Sandals 6 Cotton Traders Flower Detail Excellent Condition ,MISS TRISH OF CAPRI Black Rhinestone Womens Sandals Flip Flops Beaded Shoes 6 M,Corso Como Women's platform sandals - metallic, cork and linen Size 9.5M,Roxy New Tyler Black Womens Shoes Size 7 M Sandals MSRP $49,Women's Bolaro By Summer Rio Purple Floral Flip Flops Wedge Sandals Size 9 NWOT,American Eagle AEO Brown sz 5 Flip Flops Sandals Heel 1.5 in. CUTE!,Gentlemen/Ladies Ladies Spot On Sandals The Style - L3410 Every item described is available real Complete specifications AV1243New with Tags Balance Float Slide Sandal Flip Flop Black / Silver Mens 12 M,MARC BY MARC JACOBS LEATHER CORK SANDALS SIZE 36 / SANDALIAS PIEL CORCHO T 36Quiksilver Little Palmtree Flip Flops Sandals Beach Toe Post Brown Orange YellowLot 4 Black Silver Gold Chunky Pink Wedges Sexy High Heels Shoes PlatformFree People Wos Sandals Flats Red Black Striped Leather Slip-On Thong NEW,Womens shoes Size 6 Kenneth Cole Sandals,Havaianas Simpsons Hombre Blanco / Negro Homero Estampado Chanclas de Dedo,Everlast Bath Slippers 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Sandals Beach Shoes Shower,SANDALE ou MULE HOMME - Marque AIRWALK - Pointure 40 C.04 15,Women's Floral Rhinestones Gems Sandals Shoes Gold Silver Black Sizes 6 -11 New,Nine West Womens Gold Metallic Wedge Sandal Size 10M, 3 Inch HeelAmerican Rag Krista Beige Womens Shoes Size 7.5 M Sandals MSRP $29.99,NEW Women's Mad Love Phoebe Faux Fur Slide Sandals - Brown 7 LeopardDr Scholls Womens Striped Advance Comfort Series Sandals Slides Buckles Size 11,Men's/Women's Ladies Savannah Flat Slingback Poking Toe Manmade Sandals L6R744 Special price excellent business RV1635,MENS RED Holiday Flip Flip Slip On, Size,
BO: When it comes to precision medicine, advances in technology, data science, and clinical research are already curing diseases that were once thought to be incurable. It’s entirely possible that a decade or two from now, treatments would be tailored not just to the disease, but also to the individual patient. We’re being careful to protect patient data and to make participants partners in this work. Because if we embrace precision medicine in the right way, the possibilities for better treatments are practically endless.
The BRAIN Initiative is another project whose time has come. Right now, we can identify galaxies billions of light-years away. We can study particles smaller than an atom. But we still haven’t unlocked the mystery of the 3 pounds of matter that sits between our ears. I believe that with America leading the way, we can change that. Hundreds of scientists and dozens of universities, companies, foundations, and other organizations have stepped up to help us tackle this challenge.
PS: You’ve also advocated the development of a private space industry to work alongside and complement government efforts. What is your vision for space exploration and commercialization? Who does what?
BO: I’ve laid out a vision for space exploration where our astronauts travel out into the solar system not just to visit, but to stay. To build a sustainable human presence in space, we’ll need a thriving private-sector space economy. I see the expanding space industry as an addition to, not a replacement for, the extraordinary work of NASA. With industry taking over tasks like ferrying cargo and crew to the International Space Station, NASA can focus even more intensely on the most challenging exploration missions, like landing astronauts on Mars or learning more about Earth and the rest of our solar system.
As we set our sights toward other planets, we can also create good jobs here on this one. American companies have begun to reclaim the lucrative market for launching commercial satellites. That’s just one example of the way that a growing space economy can help American workers succeed.
PS: If you were to end up on Mars, who would you want as your companion: Mark Watney from The Martian, or Ellen Ripley from Alien?
BO: As long as it’s a hypothetical question, can’t I pick both? If I’ve got Matt Damon growing potatoes and Sigourney Weaver taking care of any unwelcome intruders, I like my chances.
PS: It’s been barely two months since a climate agreement was struck in Paris. How do you think the agreement will be remembered 20 years from now?
BO: I believe the Paris agreement can be a turning point for our planet. It’s the biggest single step the world has ever taken toward combating global climate change. When I traveled to Paris at the beginning of the climate conference, I said we needed an enduring agreement that reduces global carbon emissions and commits the world to a low-carbon future. That’s exactly what we achieved.
The American people should be proud because this historic agreement is a tribute to American leadership. The skeptics said that taking action to transition to a clean-energy economy would kill jobs. Instead, we’ve seen the longest streak of private-sector job creation in history. We’ve driven our economic output to all-time highs, while driving our carbon pollution to its lowest level in nearly two decades.
These kinds of concrete steps helped bring more countries to the table. With our historic joint announcement with China last year, we showed it was possible to bridge the old divides between developed and developing nations that had stymied global progress for too long. And that accomplishment inspired dozens and dozens of other nations to follow our lead and set ambitious climate targets of their own.
BO: Before you can solve a problem, you have to understand it. That’s why we’ve fought hard to protect the funding for the U.S. Global Change Research Program, a government-wide effort to help us see what’s happening in the present so we can better predict the future. Thanks to their efforts, our satellites, aircraft, ships, buoys, and terrestrial-monitoring systems are providing indispensable insights and strengthening the models that tell us what to expect going forward.
My administration hasn’t just helped to advance climate science—we’ve also made good use of the results. We used the most up-to-date insights from climate science as the basis of our national Climate Action Plan. And we’ve begun to develop accessible climate databases and tools that help governments, businesses, and citizens protect themselves from the effects of climate change that we can’t avoid.
President Obama, photographed on January 4 at the White House
BO: Fifteen of the planet’s 16 warmest years have come in the first 16 years of the 21st century. The warmest year yet was 2015. The Pentagon is warning us that climate change will threaten our national security by fostering instability overseas. Here at home, we’re seeing longer and more dangerous wildfire seasons, coupled with devastating droughts. Last year I visited Alaska, where towns are literally being swallowed up by rising sea levels. Miami now routinely floods at high tide. So this debate is over. The question now is what we do about climate change because there is such a thing as being too late. And I think that regardless of their party, if candidates for elected office want to resign your children and grandchildren to a world that’s broken beyond repair, then there’s simply no way they deserve your vote.
BO: Well, here’s what we’ve done. Over the past seven years, we have transformed America into the global leader in fighting climate change. We’ve set new fuel standards for cars and trucks, invested more than any administration in history in growing industries like wind and solar, taken unprecedented steps to protect our natural resources, and set limits on the amount of carbon pollution that power plants can dump into the air. Most important, we’ve proved that we don’t have to choose between a growing economy and a safer planet for future generations. We can have both.
But in the end, when I think about our efforts to combat climate change, I don’t just think about CO2 emissions levels or degrees of global temperature rise. I think about my two girls, and the grandchildren I’d hope to have one day. I imagine myself pushing a little boy or girl on a swing set, out in the open air, looking up at the sun. In that moment, I want to know that the planet’s going to be in pretty good shape. And I want to have contributed to that.
Because that’s our goal: to leave behind a better, safer, more prosperous world for our kids and grandkids. That’s our most important mission in the time we have on Earth. And after seven years as president, I’ve never been more confident that together, we’ll succeed.