Along with running the free world, President Barack Obama has spent the past seven years guiding U.S. science and technology policy. The initiatives and goals he puts in place—in clean energy, space, medicine, education, nanotechnology, and more—help direct research, which in turn directs the future. With one year left in the Oval Office, the president talks about what he’s achieved, what’s left to do (a lot), and why being a nerd is one of the best ways to serve your country.By Cliff Ransom Photography by F. Scott Schafer
Popular Science: You have been a very pro-science president. Why do you see science and technology as being so important?
Men's Padders Dual Fit (Extra Wide/Extra Extra Wide) Slippers - Peter,Gentleman/Lady 'Hombre Clarks' Pantuflas - Relajado Estilo Clearance price fashionable Very good classification,Man/Woman Uomo Adda Casual, Slip-On Basse Sabot KL029 Excellent craft Skilled manufacturing Known for its beautiful quality RH322,Ladies Character Slippers Cosy Shoes Nightwear Gift Primark Womens Girls Lounge,Aquatalia by Marvin K. Westley Faux-Fur Trimmed Boots Women's Shoes Size 7.5,WOMENS VTG LARRY MAHAN RED BLK GENUINE OSTRICH QUILL COWBOY WESTERN BOOTS 7 B 7B,Slippers, Catherine Malandrino, size small 5/6, dark blue,Man/Woman AQUASPHERE - CIABATTA FASCIA ASONE - BLUE Elegant appearance high quality As of the latest model AH221,Men's/Women's UNTITLED Shoes 219137 Blue 40 Excellent craft Optimal price various kinds,Ladies Red Festive Slippers With Platform Size 39 (Equivalent to Size 6),Teva Tanza Mens Black Other Fabric Sandal,Ladies Bear Paw Leather Lined Mule Slippers Loki II,B Makowsky Quincy Leather Ankle Boots Womens 7 Cognac Brown Brass Stud Detail,Man's/Woman's Crosshatch Mens Slider Mule Slip-on Summer Beach Pool Sandal Economical and practical Reliable performance Don't worry when shopping WN580,BLACK LEATHER CAVENDERS BOOT CITY DISTRESSED PULL ON WESTERN BOOTS SIZE 7B,Gee' Wa Wa Women's Size 7.5 leather boots Color Honey,,MUJER NEGRO Y AZUL Velour con Estampado Floral Pantuflas,Havaianas Brasil Flag Brown Unisex Flip Flops (RRP .00),Womens Justin Cowboy Boots Black Size 7 Vintage Great Condition,Uomo Intera Schiena Pantofola Coolers intera PIEDE INDOOR SCARPE,Man/Woman LUCCHESE Women’s Cowboy Boots Size 7B use Highly praised and appreciated by the consumer audience Exquisite workmanship,Lacoste L.30 Slide 118 Schwarz Weiß Mens Beach Summer Flip Flops,Man's/Woman's Hombre Padders Zapatillas - Marino Year-end special promotions New design wonderfulGentleman/Lady Mens Quality Slippers M.S.20 Rich design In short supply Modern mode,FIREFLY UOMO INFRADITO MADERA D8 M INFRADITO BLU ROSSO,Man's/Woman's Scarpe Scoglio Uomo Mare SUB ANTISCIVOLO CANOA BARCA NAUTICA YACHT numero 45 use high quality General product GH405Rider Capa Xi Anuncio Chanclas Sandalias Sandalia Chanclas Black 82215-8619,Gentleman/Lady Scarpa Etnies Marana Vulc MT Blu-Bianco Long-term reputation Elegant and sturdy packaging Modern and elegantUnisex Greifer Bär Klauen Cheetah Neuheit Witzig Heim Hausschuhe Geschenk Winter,Birkenstock Mule Mules Chausson Chaussons Noir 0551253 Neuf
PS: Among your White House initiatives, you’ve focused heavily on improving STEM education in America. What’s your proudest achievement on that front?
BO: There’s a lot to be proud of. We now graduate 25,000 more engineers per year from our colleges and universities than we did when I took office. We’re more than halfway toward our goal of preparing 100,000 new math and science teachers by 2021. We’ve secured more than $1 billion of private investment for improving STEM education, and commitments from college and university leadership to help underrepresented students earn STEM degrees. There’s also something that’s harder to measure, but every bit as important: all the young people, including minorities and young women, who are more excited than ever about pursuing their passions for STEM.
One of the new traditions I’ve started as president is the White House Science Fair. We ought to celebrate science fair winners at least as much as Super Bowl winners. And when young people are excited about science, technology, engineering, and math, that’s not just good for them. That’s good for America. We want the next game-changing industry or life-saving breakthrough to happen right here in the United States.
PS: Do you consider yourself a nerd and, if so, what’s your nerdiest pastime?
New with box: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
|Shoe Size:||Various||Fastening:||Slip On|
|Style:||Slip Ons||Main Colour:||Various|
PS: You also put heavy emphasis on developing innovation and entrepreneurship. How do you make Silicon Valley happen all over the country?
Adulti Morbido 3D Animale Pantofole Uomo Donna Slip On Comodo Gadget Casa Scarpe,havaianas Espadrilles ALP H. ORIGINE RELAX III 4137012 555 Blau Navy BlueJUNYA WATANABE MAN PINK Shoes 901484 Black M,Women's Frye Phillip Harness Knee High Boot Grey Gray 7.5 M Riding Boots Leather,ZODIAC Tan Leather Heel Fringe Knee High Cowboy Boots Size 7.5 M Style 510217,Mujer Spot On Pantuflas Bota The Style x2035Gentlemen/Ladies Mujer Morlands Ayr Pantuflas Elegant and sturdy set meal Good market Modern modeCartago SIENA Perizoma ANNUNCIO scarpe infradito sandalo tythes RENNER,Mens Grenson Slip On Moccasin Shoes SiennaMahabis MO-O-NN-42 Men's Loten Navy Outdoor Slippers Size /US 9 NEW $120Nice Women's Size 7.5 Steve Madden Brenden Cognac Brown Leather Short Boots,Women's Western Boots Charlie One Horse Stiletto Heel size 7.5 Black,Luxury Pure Sheep Boiled Wool Slippers Boots Lambswool Women Men Wool-Mark,Girls Trolls Slippers Size XL / 11-12 *** Brand New ***,Donna Lady Love Pantofole 'EM ILY 5.1cmScarpa DVS Chico Brene Chico Brene Signature Series Pressure SC Nero Verde Scuro,Homeys Jasper Men's Red Navy Star Mule Style Slip On Warm Lined Slippers New,Man's/Woman's Hombre CLARKS cloudstepper SLIDER Sandalias BALTA rayos Beautiful design Primary quality Beautiful and charming HG649,LANDS END Ladies Size 7D Black LEATHER Boots Low Heel,Tory Burch Kiernan Tumbled Black Leather Riding Boots Size 7M PreownedLady Love BRIDGET Slipper Boots Blueberry to 7 (R3A),Men Chef Shoes Clogs Comfort Slippers Sandal Cushioned Kitchen,Cosyfeet extra wide Velcro slipper uk size 3,Mens Slippers House Shoes Terry Slip On Flexible Sole Comfort Outdoor Cloth SoftMen's/Women's Mens Northwest Territory Sandals 'Arabia' Special purchase Wholesale trade Pick up at the boutique,Men/Women Havaianas Mens marvel Slip On Open Toe Flip Flops Fashion pattern Fine art Direct business BV3299,Derek Lam 10 Crosby Womens Booties Size 7.5 Brown Leather Suede High Slim Heel,Women's VINTAGE Sesto Meucci Sz 7M Mid Calf Boots Woven Brown Leather Italy D14,Ladies Owl Print Mule Slipper Spot On,Women Suede Moccasins IN HAND Fur Lining S M L Slippers Shoes In/Out Mocassins,
BO: When it comes to precision medicine, advances in technology, data science, and clinical research are already curing diseases that were once thought to be incurable. It’s entirely possible that a decade or two from now, treatments would be tailored not just to the disease, but also to the individual patient. We’re being careful to protect patient data and to make participants partners in this work. Because if we embrace precision medicine in the right way, the possibilities for better treatments are practically endless.
The BRAIN Initiative is another project whose time has come. Right now, we can identify galaxies billions of light-years away. We can study particles smaller than an atom. But we still haven’t unlocked the mystery of the 3 pounds of matter that sits between our ears. I believe that with America leading the way, we can change that. Hundreds of scientists and dozens of universities, companies, foundations, and other organizations have stepped up to help us tackle this challenge.
PS: You’ve also advocated the development of a private space industry to work alongside and complement government efforts. What is your vision for space exploration and commercialization? Who does what?
BO: I’ve laid out a vision for space exploration where our astronauts travel out into the solar system not just to visit, but to stay. To build a sustainable human presence in space, we’ll need a thriving private-sector space economy. I see the expanding space industry as an addition to, not a replacement for, the extraordinary work of NASA. With industry taking over tasks like ferrying cargo and crew to the International Space Station, NASA can focus even more intensely on the most challenging exploration missions, like landing astronauts on Mars or learning more about Earth and the rest of our solar system.
As we set our sights toward other planets, we can also create good jobs here on this one. American companies have begun to reclaim the lucrative market for launching commercial satellites. That’s just one example of the way that a growing space economy can help American workers succeed.
PS: If you were to end up on Mars, who would you want as your companion: Mark Watney from The Martian, or Ellen Ripley from Alien?
BO: As long as it’s a hypothetical question, can’t I pick both? If I’ve got Matt Damon growing potatoes and Sigourney Weaver taking care of any unwelcome intruders, I like my chances.
PS: It’s been barely two months since a climate agreement was struck in Paris. How do you think the agreement will be remembered 20 years from now?
BO: I believe the Paris agreement can be a turning point for our planet. It’s the biggest single step the world has ever taken toward combating global climate change. When I traveled to Paris at the beginning of the climate conference, I said we needed an enduring agreement that reduces global carbon emissions and commits the world to a low-carbon future. That’s exactly what we achieved.
The American people should be proud because this historic agreement is a tribute to American leadership. The skeptics said that taking action to transition to a clean-energy economy would kill jobs. Instead, we’ve seen the longest streak of private-sector job creation in history. We’ve driven our economic output to all-time highs, while driving our carbon pollution to its lowest level in nearly two decades.
These kinds of concrete steps helped bring more countries to the table. With our historic joint announcement with China last year, we showed it was possible to bridge the old divides between developed and developing nations that had stymied global progress for too long. And that accomplishment inspired dozens and dozens of other nations to follow our lead and set ambitious climate targets of their own.
BO: Before you can solve a problem, you have to understand it. That’s why we’ve fought hard to protect the funding for the U.S. Global Change Research Program, a government-wide effort to help us see what’s happening in the present so we can better predict the future. Thanks to their efforts, our satellites, aircraft, ships, buoys, and terrestrial-monitoring systems are providing indispensable insights and strengthening the models that tell us what to expect going forward.
My administration hasn’t just helped to advance climate science—we’ve also made good use of the results. We used the most up-to-date insights from climate science as the basis of our national Climate Action Plan. And we’ve begun to develop accessible climate databases and tools that help governments, businesses, and citizens protect themselves from the effects of climate change that we can’t avoid.
President Obama, photographed on January 4 at the White House
BO: Fifteen of the planet’s 16 warmest years have come in the first 16 years of the 21st century. The warmest year yet was 2015. The Pentagon is warning us that climate change will threaten our national security by fostering instability overseas. Here at home, we’re seeing longer and more dangerous wildfire seasons, coupled with devastating droughts. Last year I visited Alaska, where towns are literally being swallowed up by rising sea levels. Miami now routinely floods at high tide. So this debate is over. The question now is what we do about climate change because there is such a thing as being too late. And I think that regardless of their party, if candidates for elected office want to resign your children and grandchildren to a world that’s broken beyond repair, then there’s simply no way they deserve your vote.
BO: Well, here’s what we’ve done. Over the past seven years, we have transformed America into the global leader in fighting climate change. We’ve set new fuel standards for cars and trucks, invested more than any administration in history in growing industries like wind and solar, taken unprecedented steps to protect our natural resources, and set limits on the amount of carbon pollution that power plants can dump into the air. Most important, we’ve proved that we don’t have to choose between a growing economy and a safer planet for future generations. We can have both.
But in the end, when I think about our efforts to combat climate change, I don’t just think about CO2 emissions levels or degrees of global temperature rise. I think about my two girls, and the grandchildren I’d hope to have one day. I imagine myself pushing a little boy or girl on a swing set, out in the open air, looking up at the sun. In that moment, I want to know that the planet’s going to be in pretty good shape. And I want to have contributed to that.
Because that’s our goal: to leave behind a better, safer, more prosperous world for our kids and grandkids. That’s our most important mission in the time we have on Earth. And after seven years as president, I’ve never been more confident that together, we’ll succeed.